Madrid, the capital of Spain and of New Castile, lies at a height of 2,060 ft. above the sea on the river Manzanares, lat. 40° 25' N, long. 3° 28' W. It is a large city, the older portions being badly built, with narrow, tortuous streets. There are two palaces, the Palacio Real at the western end of the oblong which the city forms, the Buen Retiro at the eastern end, where is also the Prado, or great park. The principal square is very handsome, and is surrounded by a piazza. There are many fine streets with lofty, well-built houses.