Lockyer, Sib Joseph Norman, F.R.S., born at Rugby in 1836, entered the War Office in 1857, became astronomical lecturer at South Kensington, and directed the eclipse expedition to Sicily 1870, and to India 1871. He is specially distinguished for his work in spectrum analysis. He has published Studies in Spectrum Analysis (1872), Solar Physics (1874). Star-gazing (1877), Chemistry of the Sun (1887), and is the editor Of Nature. He was knighted in 1897.