Liegnitz, a town in Silesia, 38 miles W.N.W. of Breslau. In the 12th century it was the residence of the Dukes of Lower Silesia, and was for four centuries afterwards the capital of a small principality. Its vicinity has been the scene of three great battles, that of Wahlstadt, where in 1241 the Mongols defeated the Poles, of a victory over the Austrians by Frederick the Great in 1760, and of Bliicher's victory on the Katzbaeh in 1813 during the War of Liberation. The modern town has iron-foundries and potteries, makes pianos, and manufactures woollens, cloth, hats, etc.