Lewes, George Henry (1817-78), a versatile writer on philosophy, science, and the drama, was born in London, and educated there and in France. He was first in a notary's office; then in the employment of a Russian merchant; next studied medicine, but was disgusted by his hospital experiences, and in 1838 went to Germany. After his return he several times appeared on the stage; but, though he had talent, he was without the necessary physical qualities. After his marriage he entered upon a literary career, writing at first chiefly upon dramatic subjects, in the quarterly reviews. In 1850 his play The Noble Heart was produced, be himself taking a part. In 1845-46 appeared his Biographical History of Philosophy in 4 vols., and in 1853 Comte's Philosophy of the Sciences. In 1851 he first made the acquaintance of Mary Ann Evans (George Eliot) (q.v.), with whom ' three years later he went to Germany. His Life of Goethe appeared soon after their return. He now began to give much attention to scientific studies, and published in 1859 The Physiology of Common Life, in 1862 Studies in Animal Life, and in 1864 a book respecting Aristotle's scientific anticipations. In 1865 he became first editor of the Fortnightly Review, but soon resigned the position to Mr. John Morley. His last important work, Problems of Life and Mind, was begun in 1873 but the last volume did not appear until after his death.