Lely, Peter, Sir (1617-80), painter, was horn in Westphalia. His name Lely is said tp be derived from a nickname of his father. After studying two years at Haarlem, he in 1641 came to England, where at first he tried historical subjects and landscapes. He then took to portraits, Charles I. and Cromwell being among his earlier sitters. At the Restoration he was knighted and made State painter. He took for his model Vandyk, and among his works are the Hampton Court series of Ladies of Charles II.'s Court, Susannah and the Elders, Jupiter and Europa. He also did crayon work. He died and was buried at Covent Garden.