Laodicea (Laodikeia), the name of - eiarht cities, so called by Seleucus, King of Syria, and his descendants from Laodicea, a frequent female name. Laodicea ad Lycum, in Phrygia, founded probably in the 3rd century B.C. by Antiochus II., and named after, his wife, is one of the. seven churches in the Revelation. Its site, now known as Eski Hissar, is deserted. It. was a rich city, famous for its great medical school, for the wool which came from the sheep which were .pastured in the neighbourhood, for its money transactions, and later for its coinage. Its ruin came when the Turks invaded the Byzantine Empire. Two ecclesiastical councils (those of 363 and 476) were held here. .