Lander, Richard (1804-34), an African explorer, was the son of a Truro innkeeper. In 1823 he went to the Cape of Good Hope as servant to Major Colebrook, and two years later joined Captain Clapperton's expedition to the Niger, of which he became leader on the death of Clapperton in 1827. Of this expedition he wrote an account. In 1821)
he-and his brother John (1807-39) were sent by the Government to trace the river Niger. In 1831 they published results, giving some particulars of its lower course, and showing that it fell into the Gulf of Guinea. In the following year they also published their journal, and Richard started on a fresh expedition, the object of which was to open a Niger trade route. Having accomplished something, he received a mortal wound in a conflict with the natives.