Note:  Do not rely on this information. It is very old.


Knout, an instrument of torture formerly used in the Russian army, introduced by Ivan III. (1462-1505). It consisted of a whip with a handle 6 inches long and a lash made of leather, fitted with iron rings, of more than 40 inches. Victims frequently died under its application. A knout of milder form is occasionally used now for criminals.