Karr, Jean Baptiste Alphonse, commonly known as Alphonse Karr, was born in 1808 at Paris. The future writer was educated at the College Bourbon, and became a journalist. As a journalist he became editor of the Figaro, and in 1839 began to conduct a satirical monthly called Les Guepes. Of his novels Sous les Tilleuls, published in 1832, was the first and best. He was a great gardener, and his Autour de mon Jardin was translated by J. G. Wood. His memoirs, written at Nice, whither he had retired in 1848, appeared in 1879, under the title Lc Livrc de Bord. He died in 1890.