Note: Do not rely on this information. It is very old.
Kaluga, a town of Central Russia, capital of a government of the same name, 188 miles S.S.W. of Moscow. A trade in corn is carried on by means of the river Oka. The town is noted for its cakes, and has also leather and other manufactures. There is a large iron trade, and horses are reared on the plains in the neighbourhood.