Judson, Adoniram (178S-1850), an American Baptist missionary, was born at Maiden, Massachusetts. Having passed through a theological training he went to India in 1812, and soon proceeded to Burmah, where he lived first at Rangoon and afterwards at Ava, being imprisoned at the latter place during the war. He soon acquired a competent knowledge of Burmese, into which language he translated the New Testament. He afterwards compiled a Burmese-English dictionary. He died on his way to Mauritius. Judson's first wife wrote a History of the Burmese Mission; his third was Fanny Forrester.