Joshua ("whose help is Jehovah"), the successor of Moses, was the son of Nun of the tribe of Ephraim. He is first mentioned as chosen by Moses to lead the Israelite host against Amalek in the fight at Rephidim (Exodus xvii. 9). He accompanied Moses'to the foot of Sinai when the latter first went to receive the two tables, and was one of the twelve who were sent to explore Canaan, and one of the two who gave a good report of the land. He was in his eighty-fifth year when he became head of the people at Shittim. Under him, the chosen people crossed the Jordan, took Jericho ? and Ai, defeated the Amorite confederation at Makkedah, overthrew the Canaanites under Jabin, and in six years conquered as many nations. The land was then portioned out among the tribes and the Levites; the Tabernacle was established at. Shiloh; and the covenant renewed at Shechem.
Joshua having delivered two solemn addresses to the people, died at the age of 110 and was buried at his native town, Timnath-serah. "Joshua" is a variant of Hoshea, Jeshua, and Jesus.