Janin, Jules Gabriel (1804-74), a French critic and novelist, was the son of poor parents, living at St. Etienne. He made his reputation as dramatic critic of the Journal des Debats, his contributions to which were collected under the title, Histoire de la Litterature Dramatique. He also wrote numerous novels, translated Horace and Clarissa Harlow, and edited, with Sainte Beuve and Houssaye, fragments from Manon Lescaut. Twelve volumes of his OEuvres Choisies appeared in 1875-78. Janin succeeded to the chair of Sainte Beuve in the Academie in 1870.