James of Hereford, Lord (Sir Henry James), was born in 1828 at Hereford. He was called to the Bar in 1852, took silk in 1869, and entered Parliament as a Liberal in the same year. In 1873 he was named Solicitor-General, and was afterwards Attorney-General until the resignation of Mr. Gladstone. From 1880 till 1885 he again held the latter office, and was chiefly responsible for the passing of the Corrupt Practices Act (1883). He was offered the Lord Chancellorship in Mr. Gladstone's first Home-Rule Ministry, but declined. In 1895 he was made Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, with a peerage.