James III (Scotland). (1453-1488), son of James II., was in the guardianship of the Bishop of St. Andrew's till in 1466 he was carried off by the Boyds. When the king obtained some amount of power, he wished to lead an army to the help of Louis XI. of France, but was prevented by the Estates. He afterwards plunged into such excesses that a conspiracy of the nobles broke out on the eve of an expedition into England, and some of James's favourites were hanged at Lauder. The rest of the reign was occupied in schemes of vengeance against his enemies. The Estates took part against the king, who was defeated at Sauchieburn, near Stirling, and stabbed at Beaton's Mill, in the neighbourhood of Bannockburn, whither he had fled.