Ilkeston, a market-town of Derbyshire, on the Midland Railway, 10 miles N.E. of Derby. It stands on the crest of a hill commanding a fine view over the Erewash valley, and became a centre of local trade in the middle of the 18th century. Part of the parish church (Norman and Early English) dates from the reign of Stephen. Hosiery, especially of silk, and stoneware are the chief manufactures. Coal and iron are worked in the neighbourhood. Of late years many visitors have been attracted by the alkaline mineral springs, the water of whif h is beneficial to the gouty and rheumatic.