Note:  Do not rely on this information. It is very old.


Ikongo, a people of south-east Madagascar, south of and akin to the Tanalas and, like them, nominally subject to the Hovas of the province of Betsileo. But they have never been conquered, and during the wars of King Radama, in the first quarter of the present century, they successfully sustained two sieges - one of 18 the other of 12 months - in their impregnable stronghold perched on an isolated eminence in the heart of their territory. The Ikongos, though pagans, were friendly to the missionary Shaw, who visited them in 1874-75.

lie de France, a name given to that district of France which is enclosed between the rivers Marne, Seine, Oise, Aisne, and Ourcq. The ancient province which bore the name comprised large tracts beyond this circumscribed area. Except at the close of the Carlovingian dynasty, the lie de France has usually been a royal domain. The province is now divided between the departments of Seine, Seine-et-Oise, Seine-et-Marne, Oise, Aisne, Loiret, and Nievre. It is interesting to historians as the cradle of the Capetian dynasty, and to some extent of the French name, and because Paris was its capital.