Hezekiah, the 12th King of Judah, reigned about 726-928 B.C. He succeeded his father Ahaz at 25, and, led by Isaiah, inaugurated a series of reforms, abolishing idolatry, and endeavouring to restore national independence and prosperity. He repaired and reopened the Temple, and abolished idolatry. He waged a successful war against the Philistines, but, failing to pay the tribute due to Assyria, he was besieged. Soon after this he was seized by a severe illness, and, after his recovery, incurred the anger of Isaiah by showing his treasure to the Babylonian envoy who had come to congratulate him on his restoration to health. To resist Sennacherib he made an alliance with Egypt for the sake of the cavalry possessed by that power
It was during this war that the Assyrian host was destroyed by a mysterious pestilence. Hezekiah also executed many public works, among them aqueducts at Jerusalem, and died at the age of 54, after a reign of 29 years.