Hermannstadt, a town of Hungary lying amidst hills N. of the Transylvanian Alps, 54 miles S.E. of Klausenburg. The ancient fortifications, which once rendered it a strong city, are almost gone. It is divideel into the High Town, well built, with good squares and regular streets, and the Low Town, reached by flights of stone steps from the High Town, and there are three suburbs. Among the public buildings are a 14th-century church with lofty tower and interesting monuments, a Roman Catholic church, a town hall (formerly a fortified house), a palace with a good library and paintings, a university, a law academy, and two gymnasiums. The chief manufactures are woollen cloth, leather, soap, cordage, hats, combs, and earthenware, and there is a brisk trade with Constantinople.