Hereford, city and parliamentary borough (returning one member), and capital of Herefordshire, on the left bank of the Wye, 120 miles W.N.W. of London. The city is situated near the centre of the county, upon rising ground, in a fertile valley. The principal streets are broad and straight, and, while the chief buildings are of stone, the houses are, for the most part, of brick. The cathedral, rebuilt by William I. and restored by Sir G. Scott in 1863, is near the river, and has a length of 335 ft. by 174 ft. wide. Other public buildings are the college, the shire hall, an eighteenth-century county gaol, a free library and museum, and a market hall. There are many charities. The chief industries are the manufacture of gloves, leather, turnery, nails, and the brewing of ale and porter. There is a trade in hops, wool, cider, timber, oak-bark, and agricultural produce. A music festival is held here triennially in September.