Hainan, an island off the south coast of China forming part of the province of Kwang-tong, and being the southernmost portion of the empire. It is 185 miles long and 90 broad. Kiung-chow is the capital. Hoi-how, its port, has been open to foreign trade since 1876. Pigs, sugar, eggs, and various nuts are exported, and there are extensive fisheries. In the interior, which is mountainous, gold is found. Rice, cocoa-nuts, and sesame seeds are also among the products of the island, which is subject to frequent earthquakes. The Les or aborigines (about a third of the population) claim to be independent of the Chinese government.