Gallatin, Albert (1761-1849), was born and educated at Geneva. In 1780 he went to the United States, and taught French at Harvard. He then acquired property and entered into politics, and in 1801-13 was Secretary to the Treasury, showing great powers of finance. In 1814 he negotiated the peace with England, and from 1815-23 was ambassador to Paris. He wrote on finance, politics, and ethnology, on the Indian tribes, and on the semi-civilisation of Mexico, Yucatan, and Central America; and he was the first president of the Ethnological Society of America.