Galland, Antoine (1646-1715), a French Orientalist, was born in France. He was employed to catalogue Oriental MSS. for the Sorbonne, and in 1670 was attached to the French Embassy at Constantinople. In 1673 he went to Syria and the Levant, and collected many antiquities. Between 1676 and 1679 he made other journeys to the Levant, and after his return he studied thoroughly Arabic, Turkish, and Persian. In 1704 he made a translation of the Arabian Nights, and in 1709 was appointed to the chair of Arabic in the College de France.