Gairdner, James, born in 1828 at Edinburgh, entered young as a clerk in the Public Record Office, London. In 1859 he became assistant-keeper, and has edited many historical documents, as well as written upon the Houses of Lancaster and York, the Life and, Reign of Richard III, Studies in English History, and a work on Henry VII.
Gairdner, William Tennant (b. 1824), elder brother of James, a noted physician, M.D. and F.R.C.P. Edin., and LL.D. Edin., was appointed in 1862 Regius Professor of Medicine in Glasgow University. In 1888 he presided over a meeting of the Medical Association held there, and he is physician-in-ordinary to the Queen in Scotland. Among his special subjects have been the lungs, bronchitis, insanity, and hygiene.