Fraser, James, D.D. (1818-1885), second Bishop of Manchester, was at Shrewsbury under Dr. Butler and Dr. Kennedy; as a scholar of Lincoln College gained the Ireland scholarship at Oxford, and held a fellowship at Oriel from 1840 to 1847, when he was ordained and appointed to a college living. He was a member of two Royal Commissions on Education, and in 1865 was sent to report on the American system. He also assisted in the inquiry of 1867 relating to the employment of women and children in agricultural work. Appointed Bishop of Manchester by Mr. Gladstone in 1870, he won universal respect in spite of his conflict with the Ritualists, and in the industrial struggle of 1877-79 acted as mediator. His life was written by Thomas Hughes (1887).