Foochow, capital of the province of Fokien in China. It is situated on a hill-surrounded plain on the left bank of the Min, 125 miles N.E. of Amoy. The town proper is contained by a wall 30 feet high and 12 feet wide, with seven gates with towers, and there are suburbs on both sides of the river connected by a stone bridge. The streets are dirty, and there are several temples. Foochow is one of the five treaty ports created in 1843, but the navigation is difficult. The exports are tea, timber, tobacco, bamboo, fruits, potash, and paper; the imports opium, lead, cottons, and woollens.