Flourens, Marie Jean Pierre (1794-1867), a French physician and physiologist, graduated M.A. at the University of Montpellier at the age of 19. He then went to Paris, and his first writings were published in 1819. In 1821 he lectured upon sensation, and wrote several papers in physiology. Ill 1837 he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies, and made a member of the Legion of Honour, of which he became Grand Officer in 1839; and in 1840 he entered the Academy, and from 1846 to 1848 he was a peer of France. His writings are very numerous, and he was one of the first to establish the fact of the constant renewal of the bodily frame. His son, Gustave Flourens, also a biologist of distinction, was killed while fighting for the Paris Commune in 1871.