Fleming, John, D.D. (1785-1857), a British naturalist, was born near Linlithgow, and was ordained pastor to Bressay in Zetland. His Report on the Economical Mineraloyy of Orkney and Zetland attracted much notice, as did in 1822 his Philosophy of Zoology, and in 1828 British Animals. In 1834 he was appointed Professor of Natural Philosophy in King's College, Aberdeen, and in 1845 to a chair of Natural Science at Edinburgh. He wrote zoological articles for the Encyclopcedia Britannica and other works.