Field, David Dudley, an American jurist, brother of the above, was born in 1805, in Connecticut. He was the first President of the Association for the Reform of the Law of Nations, and for the substitution of the principle of arbitration in place of war. He practised long at the New York bar, and did much towards reforming the judicial system. In 1857 he produced a political and civil code, which was either partially or entirely adopted by severed states. He was instrumental in the formation of the Committee of the British Social Science Congress for the consideration of an International Code, which committee presented its report in 1873.