Ewald Georg Heinrich Augustvon
Ewald, Georg Heinrich August von (1803-1875), a German Orientalist, was born at Gottingen, at the university of which he studied theology and philosophy, and became professor of philosophy and of Oriental languages. His protest against the revocation of the Hanoverian Constitution led to his deprivation, and he eventually obtained a professorship at Tubingen. He was one of the leaders of the so-called "Tubingen school" of rationalistic and critical theology. His career was much checked and marred by his refusal to acknowledge Prussian supremacy. He wrote many philological works, and had a special gift of insight for interpreting the genius of the Hebrew nation and its sacred writings. His History of the People of Israel is his chief work.