Eudoxia, an empress of the 5th century, wife of Arcadius, and mother of Theodosius II. She was the beautiful daughter of a Frank general at Byzantium, and a courtier named Eutropius caused her to be selected by Arcadius by leaving her portrait, as if accidentally, in the Emperor's way.
Eutropius afterwards presumed upon his power to threaten her if she thwarted his views, and she in consequence brought about his ruin. She was also a great enemy of St. John Chrysostom, who used to compare her with Jezebel and Herodias, and in the struggle between his partisans and hers St. Sophia was burnt and half Constantinople. She was in many respects not unlike Theodora. Her death took place in 404.