Essen-on-the-Berne, a town of Rhenish Prussia, 18 miles N.E. of Dusseldorf. It is chiefly noted as the seat of Krupp's gigantic iron and steel works. It is here that are manufactured the steel guns, large and small, that enjoy so great a reputation in the Continental armies. The firm has its own coal and ironstone mines, some of the latter being in Spain. The works cover 1,000 acres, and give employment to an army of workmen, who are treated with great consideration. Besides puddling- and rolling-mills, there are manufactures of machinery, boilers, tobacco, and cigars.