Ephraem Syrus (325-378), a Syrian theologian, born at Nisibis. He preferred an anchorite's life, and, shunning preferment, retired to Edessa, where he eventually entered upon deacon's orders. He wrote much in his native Syriac upon theology and upon morals, and also against heretics. His works have been translated into Greek and Latin, and published in the 16th century at Rome, Cologne, and Antwerp. Some hymns and homilies have been ascribed to him.