Draper, John William, M.D., LL.D. (1811-1882), cmemist and physiologist, was born at Liverpool. He went to America in 1833 and became-Professor of Physical Science in a college in Virginia, and later, Professor of Natural History, Chemistry, and Physiology in the University of New York. He contributed much to scientific literature, and made discoveries concerning the chemical action of light. Other works of his are History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, a History of the American Civil War, History of the Conflict between Science and Religion.