Doulton, Sir Henry (b. 1820), was born at Lambeth, and at an early age entered into the pottery works there, studying the business practically from the bottom. In 1846 he turned his attention to the construction of stoneware drainpipes, and two years later established a drain-pipe factory at Dudley, now the most important in England. But his great achievement was developing the manufacture of art pottery, by which he has made Doulton ware famous throughout the world. He was made Chevalier of the Legion of Honour in 1878, and received the Albert Medal in 1885. He died in 1897.