Note:  Do not rely on this information. It is very old.


Demiurge (Greek an artisan). According to the Neo-Platonists and some of the heretical sects whom they influenced, e.g. the Gnostics, the Supreme Deity did not himself make the world, for there was an evil element in it, matter, by which he would not be polluted. He therefore created an inferior spirit, the Demiurge, to work out his designs. Sometimes this spirit was treated as the world-soul, and commonly was identified with the Supreme God of the Jews.