Darlington, the cradle of our railway system, is a parliamentary borough with municipal rights in the S.E. of the county of Durham, overlooking the Skerne, 4 miles S. of Stockton. Here are numerous factories for making and repairing locomotives and rolling stock, rail-mills, wool mills, blast furnaces, and iron and steel works. The town contains several fine public buildings, including a free library opened in 1885, the fine collegiate church of St. Cuthbert, the original building dating back to the 12th century, numerous schools, banks, and churches of lesser note, and a commodious railway station newly built. Darlington was enfranchised in 1867, and returns one member.