Note:  Do not rely on this information. It is very old.


Clover, from their leaves being cloven into three leaflets, is the name specially applied to the species of the leguminous genus Trifolium, cultivated as fodder-plants, and to a few similar plants. Trifolium is distinguished by the stipules adhering to the leaf-stalk, the small flowers crowded in a head, and the short, straight pod. The chief cultivated species are T. incarnatum, carnation clover, with long heads of deep crimson or white flowers; T. pratense, broad-leaved clover, and T. medium, zigzag clover, so-called from its bent stems, with deep pink flowers; and T. repens, Dutch or white clover, the shamrock (q.v.) of Ireland, and T. hybridum, alsike or so-called "hybrid" clover, with white or pink-tinged flowers. There are several other wild species in England. Bokhara clover, Melilotus alba, is an allied plant yielding much honey and very aromatic hay, which is a native of Britain.