Note:  Do not rely on this information. It is very old.


Chalcis, the capital of Euboea, on the Euripus, a strait or stream 120 ft. wide. The navigable channel of this strait has recently been widened, and it is crossed by a bridge. This ancient city was of much importance for its trade, and also as a great centre of colonisation, as it sent colonies to Italy, Sicily, and Macedonia, where it gave its name to the Peninsula of Chalcidice. In the Middle Ages the Venetians held it, and it was taken by the Turks in 1470. The philosopher Aristotle died here.