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Carpenter William Benjamin

Carpenter, William Benjamin (1813-1885), brother of the above-mentioned Mary Carpenter, English physician and biologist. In 1838 he published his well-known work upon General and Comparative Physiology, and was appointed later professor or lecturer to the Royal Institution, to the London Hospital, and to University College. He was also Examiner and Registrar of the University of London. On his retirement in 1879 he was made a C.B. His death was owing to an accident with a spirit-lamp. As vice-president of the Royal Society he inaugurated the deep-sea sounding, and advocated the theory of vertical circulation in ocean waters. Besides his researches in Marine Zoology, Dr. Carpenter's contributions to the Science of Mental Physiology are well known.