Note:  Do not rely on this information. It is very old.


Carlisle, a parliamentary and municipal borough of England, and county town of Cumberland, is situated at the junction of the Caldew. Eden, and Petteril. It is an old town, and identified with the Luguvallum of Antoninus, and the Caerluell of the ancient Britons. Its castle, in which Mary Queen of Scots was imprisoned in 1568, was founded in 1092, and is now used as a barracks. Its leading feature, however, is the cathedral, portions of which date from the time of William Rufus. The town itself, though irregularly built, has yet some well-paved and spacious streets. The leading industries are in cotton, calico, and iron, and in the neighbouring streams salmon fishing is carried on. It is the terminus of several railways, and having been a border fortress, is rich with associations of former times.