Canrobert, Francois Certain de, French marshal, was born in 1809 at St. Cere. After receiving a military training at Saint Cyr, he distinguished himself in the Algerian war of 1835. He aided Louis Napoleon in the coup d'etat of 1851, and commanded in the Crimea under Saint Arnaud, on whose death he succeeded to the chief command. Owing to some differences with Lord Raglan he, in May 1855, resigned his command to General Pelissier. In the Italian war of 1859 he led the third division of the French army, being present at the battles of Magenta and Solferino, and in the Franco-German war he acted under Marshal Bazaine, with whom he was shut up in Metz, being retained for some time as a prisoner in Germany. Thereafter, he was returned to the Chamber for the department of Lot, but being defeated at the election of 1879 entered the Senate.