Note:  Do not rely on this information. It is very old.


Campania, the ancient name of a province of Italy, was situated on the W. coast, with Capua as its capital. It now comprises the modern provinces of Caserta, Naples, Benevento, and portions of Salerno and Avellino. It was celebrated for its fertility, yielding abundantly of corn, wine, and oil, and for its genial climate. So favoured a spot was it that the Romans built their villas here, and Baiae became their most fashionable resort. Besides Baiae and Capua, other leading towns in ancient Campania were Cumae, the earliest Greek settlement in Italy, Puteoli, Naples, Herculaneum, Pompeii, Stabiae, and Salernum.