Cahors, a French town, capital of the department of the Lot, and head of arrondissement, nearly 400 miles south of Paris and about 70 north of Toulouse. The town is on the south bank of the Lot, which makes almost an island of the hill on which Cahors is built. The industries of Cahors are of no great importance, but there is some trade in lime, walnut oil, truffles, wine and wool. The only monument of interest is the 11th or 12th century cathedral, the apse of which has not the same axis as the nave. At the university, no longer existing, founded by Pope John XXII., who was a native of the town, Cujas taught and Fenelon studied, and here were born the poet Claude Marot and Leon Gambetta.