Buxtorf, Johann, Orientalist, was born in 1564 at Camen, Westphalia. Becoming professor of Hebrew at Basel in 1590, he remained there until his death in 1629, devoting himself to the study of Hebrew and Rabbinical literature. So complete was his knowledge of this subject that he was known by the title "Master of the Rabbins." His son, Johann, commonly called "junior" to distinguish him from his father, succeeded to the Hebrew chair in 1630 at Basel, where he died in 1664. He completed his father's Lexicon Chaldaicum Tatmudicum et Rabbinicum.