Note:  Do not rely on this information. It is very old.


Bukowina (i.e. beech-land), a duchy of the Austrian empire, is bounded on the N. and N.W. by Galicia, E. by Russia and Roumania, S. by Moldavia, and W. by Hungary and Transylvania. It covers an area of over 4,000 square miies, largely occupied by woodland, traversed, especially in the S., by offshoots of the Carpathians, and is drained mainly by the Danube and the Pruth. It gives to the Emperor of Austria the title Duke of Bukowina, and was ceded to that country in 1775 by Turkey. The capital is Czernowitz. Its products are chiefly agricultural, including the rearing of horses and cattle.