Browne Hablot Knight
Browne, Hablot Knight, artist, was born in 1815 at Kennington, London. After an apprenticeship to an engraver, he in 1833 gained the Society of Arts' medal for an etching of John Gilpin's Race, and in 1836 succeeded Seymour as illustrator of Pickwick Papers, and under the pseudonym of "Phiz." Besides being associated with Dickens throughout many of the latter's novels, Browne also did illustrations for Lever, Ainsworth, Fielding, and Smollett. His work places him in the first rank of nineteenth century caricaturists, and although while his strength endured he was unceasingly active, he was saved only from starvation at the end by an annuity from the Royal Academy. Struck with paralysis in 1867, he died at West Brighton in 1882.