Boyer, Alexis (1757-1S33), a clever French surgeon and learned anatomist. He made his early studies under difficulties, introducing himself without authority into the anatomy schools, and performing little services for the students, only demanding as reward legs and arms, and odd portions of subjects, which he dissected with ardent zeal. His passion for work met with its reward, slowly but surely, and his treatise on Anatomy, and his treatise on Surgical Diseases, became and long remained text-books. He was surgeon at the hospital La Charite, and Napoleon appointed him his own surgeon, and made him baron. After the downfall of Napoleon he became consulting surgeon to the king, and a member of the Institute. His fault was perhaps too great a conservatism, and opposition to all novelties.