Bourignon, Antoinette (1616-1680), a religious visionary, who seems in part to have anticipated Joanna Southcote, and in part the Salvation Army. Her extravagant ideas and utterances caused her to be driven from Flanders, Brabant, Holland, Holstein, and Alsace, and she finally died in Friesland. Among other curious speculations in which she indulged, was the nature of Antichrist, as to whose birth and appearance she was fully informed, even to his complexion and the colour of his hair. She also had a vision as to how Adam was shaped and formed before his fall. Her works were published at Amsterdam (1679-1684), in 21 volumes, and some of the least entertaining have been translated into English.