Blackwood, William, publisher, was born in 1776, at Edinburgh, where after an apprenticeship with a bookseller, and further experience in Glasgow and London, he in 1804 started for himself. On April 1st, 1817, he issued the first number of the Edinburgh Monthly Magazine, which on October 1st was issued as Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine. Among Blackwood's principal advisers and contributors were Professor Wilson and Lockhart, and the new publication was immediately successful. Among publications that have issued from the house founded by William Blackwood are the Edinburgh Encyclopaedia, edited by Sir David Brewster, and begun in 1810, Sir Archibald Alison's History of Europe, and George Eliot's novels. He died in 1834.